Identifying Institutional Constraints and Opportunities For Poverty Reduction
THIS ARTICLE introduces and illustrates the participatory tools that can be used to describe and analyze the micro-level poverty and distributional impacts of policy reform particularly on identifying institutional constraints and opportunities for poverty reduction (see Table 1).
Participatory methods respect local knowledge as well as facilitate local ownership and control of data generation and analysis. In this way, participatory research can be empowering for different groups of stakeholders.
Participatory methods are not restricted to qualitative data output. These methods are often quick and efficient, producing data for evidence-based analysis and action. Through robust sampling and triangulation, participatory research can generate numerical data that are representative, comparable, and generalizable.
Table 1. Participatory Tools for Micro-Level Poverty and Social Impact Analysis: Identifying institutional constraints and opportunities for poverty reduction.
|Institutional mapping/ Venn diagramming||A visual method of identifying and representing perceptions of key institutions (formal and informal) and individuals inside and outside a community as well as their relationships and importance. Enables understanding how different community members perceive institutions both within the community (in terms of decision making, accessibility, and services) and outside the community (in terms of participation, accessibility, and services).|
|Institutional perception mapping||A visual method of identifying and representing perceptions of key institutions (formal and informal) and individuals inside and outside a community as well as their relationships and importance to different social groups. Good for understanding sets of social relations that mediate transmission of a policy change.|
|Mobility mapping||A visual representation of people’s movements within and outside their community. Identifies issues and problems related to socially differentiated mobility and access to resources (such as land, water, health and education services, information, capital, decision making, and so on) and consequences of socially differentiated mobility for different social groups, their households, and livelihoods. Socially differentiated mobility within and outside a community can indicate differing levels of freedom, wealth, empowerment, and rights.|
Source: World Bank,“Participatory Tools for Micro-Level Poverty and Social Impact Analysis”. http://go.worldbank.org/ZGZHJEDBZ0